How Will COVID-19 Change the Architectural Designs?Posted on May 28, 2020
Several architects have decided to constructively respond to the COVID-19 pandemic by utilizing their best knowledge in designs and innovation. The restrictions catalyze to rethink to build a better environment. When the world has adapted to the new lifestyle and developed new normal during the COVID-19 outbreak, then architecture is not afar. While examining the current trends, concepts, and tactics, it has been analyzed that the architectural design trends will encounter long-lasting impacts.
1. Shifting Away From the Huge City Offices
Since more than one-fourth people are working from home because of the COVID-19 and lockdown measures, so the large office buildings, skyscrapers, and central business districts are deserted. Since the people are working remotely, so the need for the expensive and spacious spaces is being re-evaluated. The long-term usage of the business spaces will again be thought of after long years.
2. Car Reliance Will Reduce
Being confined within homes, automobiles are undergoing marked decline. Thus, the streets are almost bare while the greenhouse emissions have significantly dropped. A few cities have even converted the empty streets to temporary cycling and walking zones. The present circumstances have presented the world with a pedestrian-friendly ambience, and the architecture will be just to retain the cycling and walking zone.
3. New and Innovative Forms of Public Spaces
In the post-pandemic world, the designs for the public spaces will change in all possibilities, similarly with their priorities in the urban areas. As the people have started to become pedestrians during the pandemic, a few public spaces have turned to brief sources of leisure. The resources thus, will be devoted to the congregate and strengthen the community bonds through the community centres, plazas, parks, promenades, and pedestrian converted streets. The architects plan a design to keep these spaces safe both during and post COVID-19 pandemic. Their chief designing plans will deal with maintaining social distancing at the park.
4. Different and Innovative Restaurant Layouts
With lockdown rules becoming loose in a few Asian countries, the restaurants have started to open and display the nature of eating outside home post quarantine. While some restaurants follow the social distancing norms, the others have compulsory temperature checks installed at the entrances. Seating is limited, and are well spaced out so the patrons maintain a safe distance. The upcoming architecture designs for the restaurants will focus on seating arrangements, plastic guards to add sections to the common tables and booths.
5. Modular Construction will Increase
The COVID-19 has initiated fast designs and constructions are necessary for emergencies. Now the demand is more for the healthcare industries like the hospitals, testing sites, and the lodgings. The modular construction of these urgent spaces defines that the buildings are first assembled by means of prefabricated modules. Compared to the traditional building, the technique is flexible, fast, and fewer wastes are produced. The modular constructions are of flexible and quick nature thus it leaves behind far-reaching use much outside the medical industry.
6. A Growing Reliance on the Adaptive Reuse
Adaptive reuse is another popular design approach at the time of the pandemic. The existing structures are used for serving new purposes. The adaptive reuse process is a sustainable and efficient approach to create new spaces for aging cities. Added to modular constructions, adaptive reuse is proved as an effective method to create emergency facilities.
7. New Innovations Present in Lightweight Architecture
After the pandemic has set on, a few companies have brought up innovative architectural design solutions addressing the emergency facilities necessity. A few tent structures have come up to meet the needs of test centres and field hospitals. In the future, the architecture will focus on converting the shipping containers to biocontainment pods and modular critical health care units for easy transportation, and quick pop-up recovery units. The ease and assemblage of lightweight architecture are ideal to suit the crisis and disaster response.
8. Flexible Building Architecture Design
The adaptability importance has grown evident at the time of the pandemic. The proved essential facts are creating makeshift emergency facilities, reorganizing the home for remote working, and flexible designs. Henceforth, the architecture will focus on the adjustable screens and walls to segment the open-plan apartment to different dedicated spaces. Even the approach is suitable for office buildings.
With various changes in the architecture, the floor plans will appear much different. The architectural floor plans for the future will be more flexible and have adjusted space allocation. As the offices will prefer quick modification at their workplaces and proper scaling so safety precautions can be taken for the future.